As schools around the world closed due to COVID-19, it left many students wondering whether their high-stakes exams will proceed this year. This World Bank blog explores three main alternative approaches to the situation: examinations are cancelled, examinations are postponed and examinations take place in a modified format. What is the right approach? In short, it depends. The authors share a series of key questions that examination councils, boards and ministries of education should consider when assessing which approach to proceed with in order to ensure equitable access, transparency and fairness for all students.


About the authors

Julia Liberman, Operations Officer and an Education Technology Fellow in the Education Global Practice

Victoria Levin, World Bank Senior Economist

Diego Luna-Bazaldua, World Bank Education Specialist

Michelle Harnisch, Carlo Schmid Fellow (World Bank)